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Evolutionary features of marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) over the Arabian Sea and the onset of monsoon over Kerala during ARMEX-2003

Nagar, SG and Dhakate, AR and Seetaramayya, P (2007) Evolutionary features of marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) over the Arabian Sea and the onset of monsoon over Kerala during ARMEX-2003. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 164 (8-9). pp. 1861-1880.

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Abstract

In this study an attempt has been made to examine the evolutionary features of the dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics of the marine atmosphere over the South-East Arabian Sea near 9.22°N, 74.51°E just two to three days prior to the onset of southwest monsoon over Kerala during 2003 and seek the linkages with the large-scale flow in the lower and middle troposphere at that time over the region. The marine meteorological data collected onboard ORV Sagarkanya as part of the experiment ARMEX-2003 for 4–8 June, 2003 are used. The monsoon onset over Kerala occurred on 8 June, 2003. The observed changes in the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) characteristics just two days prior to the onset are discussed. It is observed that the MABL increased in height up to 4 km on 6 June from an initial height 2.8 km on 5 June. The top of the MABL dried up (Relative Humidity RH ∼ 30–40%) with weak and variable winds throughout the day on 6 June while the air at 850 hPa is relatively humid (RH ∼ 50–80%) but not saturated. A sequential increase in RH is associated with a change in the winds from southwesterly to westerly from 6 June onwards until the onset date. The changes in the lower and middle troposphere flow patterns over the Arabian Sea and Indian region are highlighted

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: boundary layer; convective boundary layer; marine atmosphere; monsoon; relative humidity; troposphere; wind velocity, Arabian Sea; Asia; Eurasia; India; Indian Ocean; Kerala; South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2015 23:03
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2015 23:03
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1879

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