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A study of lightning activity over land and oceanic regions of India

Nath, A and Manohar, GK and Dani, KK and Devara, PCS (2009) A study of lightning activity over land and oceanic regions of India. Journal of Earth System Science, 118 (5). pp. 467-481.

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Monthly variations of lightning activity over typical land and oceanic regions of India were examined using satellite data (OTD) for a 5-year period (1995-1999). It is noted that the nature of variation between surface air maximum temperature (Tmax), thunderstorm days (Thn), and lightning flash count over ER and WR showed remarkable correspondence and sensitivity with each other on monthly time scale. As we move out of winter season and enter the monsoon season, via pre-monsoon season, the WR undergoes cooling relative to the ER in the range 0.1-1.2°C. As a result, WR experiences reduction of thunder days and lowering in flash count. This decrease in Tmax, Thn, and flash count over WR may also be associated with relatively small values of Tθw and CAPE in comparison with similar values over ER during the monsoon season. Our observation of associated reduction in Thn and lightning count per 1°C cooling in surface air maximum temperature suggests reduction of ~3.5 thunderstorms per station and 73 flashes. Comparison of lightning flashes between pairs of coastal, oceanic, arid-zone, hilly, and island stations reveals distinct relationship between climate regime and intensity of lightning activity. We may conclude the results of this study by saying that the overhead lightning activity is a clear reflection of the status of the underlying ground-earth properties. A close and continuous monitoring of lightning activity may be considered as a need of present day scientific studies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Science.
Uncontrolled Keywords: air temperature; arid region; coastal zone; comparative study; cooling; correspondence analysis; hill; island; lightning; monitoring; monsoon; satellite data; seasonal variation; sensitivity analysis; thunderstorm, Asia; Eurasia; India; South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2015 05:25
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2015 05:25

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