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Do cold, low salinity waters pass through the Indo-Sri Lanka channel during winter?

Rao, RR and Girishkumar, MS and Ravichandran, M and Gopalakrishna, VV and Thadathil, P (2011) Do cold, low salinity waters pass through the Indo-Sri Lanka channel during winter? International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32 (22). pp. 7383-7398.

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Abstract

During winter, along the east coast of India, the near-surface flow is characterized by the southward-flowing East India Coastal Current (EICC) which bends around Sri Lanka and enters into the south-eastern Arabian Sea (AS). This current carries cooler, low-salinity waters from the head Bay of Bengal (BoB) into the south-easternAS. But due to a lack of any direct in situ measurements, it is not clear whether any part of this current that flows through the Indo-Sri Lanka Channel (ISLC) is significant. An attempt is made in this study to look for any observational evidence for the southward flow of cooler, low salinity waters through the ISLC during winter. In the absence of direct in situ measurements on the observed currents in the non-navigable shallow ISLC, the observed high resolution, advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) sea surface temperature (SST), and sea-viewing wide field-of-view sensor (SeaWiFS) chlorophyll-a and historic sea surface salinity (SSS) data are utilized as tracers to track any southward water flow through the Pamban Pass and Adam's Bridge in the ISLC. The analysis suggests that both the non-navigable shallow Pamban Pass and the Adam's Bridge in the ISLC act as barriers and limit the southward flow of cooler, low salinity waters into the Gulf of Mannar in the south during winter.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis.
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2013 15:06
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2013 15:06
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/172

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