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Tropical atmospheric stability and wind structures as inferred from the Indian MST Radar observations

Devara, PCS and Raj, PE and Pandithurai, G and Dani, KK (1997) Tropical atmospheric stability and wind structures as inferred from the Indian MST Radar observations. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 64 (3-4). pp. 173-186. ISSN 1436-5065

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The MST (Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere) Radar Facility at Gadanki (13.47° N, 79.18° E), near Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India has been operated over seven diurnal cycles - three in November 1994, one in September 1995 and three in January-February 1996 with an objective to study the wind and stability characteristics in the troposphere and lower-stratosphere. The radar-measured height profiles of both zonal (EW) and meridional (NS) wind components and near-simultaneous radiosonde measurements from Madras (13.04° N, 80.7° E) and Bangalore (12.85° N, 77.58° E), the two stations close to either side of the radar site, have been compared and they are found to be in gross agreement within the limitations of the sensing techniques. The results of the study also indicated multiple stable and turbulent structures/stratification throughout the height region from about 4 to 30km. It is noticed that the stable layers are well marked around the altitudes 4 km, 12 km and the tropopause while the turbulent layers exist a few kilometers below the tropopause. These stable and turbulent layer structures showed good correspondence with the radar-measured wind gradients and also with the radiosonde-derived temperature and wind distributions over Madras. The maximum positive gradient in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) which corresponds to 'radar tropopause' is found to coincide with the greater potential temperature gradient and smaller wind gradient. The time evolution of atmospheric stability structure, derived from the SNR, spectral width and vertical wind revealed a 'diffused tropopause' or 'tropopause weakening' which is found to be associated with broader spectral width and larger gradients of winds. This feature is considered to be due either to the instability associated with large vertical gradients in horizontal winds (dynamical instability) or to the instability generated by the convection (convective instability).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2015 05:18
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2015 05:18

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