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Seasonal variations in the vertical structure of water vapor optical depth in the lower troposphere over a tropical station

Raj, PE and Devara, PCS (1997) Seasonal variations in the vertical structure of water vapor optical depth in the lower troposphere over a tropical station. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 14 (1). pp. 98-110.

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Abstract

Spatio-temporal variations of water vapor optical depth in the lower troposphere (450–3850 m) over Pune (18°32′N, 73°51′E, 559 m Above Mean Sea Level), India have been studied over a period of five years. The mean vertical structure showed that the moisture content is greatest at the lowest level and decreases with increasing altitude, except in the south-west monsoon season (June to September) where an increase upto 950 m has been found. Optical depths are maximum in the monsoon season. The increase from pre-monsoon (March–May) to monsoon season in moisture content on an average is by about 58% in the above altitude range. The temporal variations in surface Relative Humidity and optical depth at 450 m show positive correlation. The amplitude of seasonal oscillation is the largest at 1465 m altitude. The time-height cross-sections of water vapor optical depths in the lower troposphere showed a contrast between years of good and bad monsoon

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Advances in Atmospheric Sciences
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2015 04:32
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2015 04:32
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1686

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