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Investigation of mixed layer response to Bay of Bengal cyclone using a simple ocean model

Behera, SK and Deo, AA and Salvekar, PS (1998) Investigation of mixed layer response to Bay of Bengal cyclone using a simple ocean model. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 65 (1-2). pp. 77-91.

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A simple 1.5 layer reduced gravity transport model is used to understand the influence of a moving tropical cyclone on the upper layer of the Bay of Bengal. The wind stress used to force the model is derived from an idealised cyclone. The model cyclone is considered to be a symmetric vortex with both tangential and radial winds. The cyclone center moves northwestwards between the points 97 E, 8 N and 82 E, 23 N. In the control experiment, the cyclone is allowed to move the total distance in 5 days. The oceanic response is asymmetric in contrast to the symmetric wind forcings. Right bias found in the maxima of model circulation and upper layer thickness deviations, is in agreement with other modelling studies. Fifteen sensitivity experiments are carried out by varying the intensity, size and speed of the cyclone, by changing the model parameters and with different initial conditions. Model fields show linear response to changes in the intensity and size of the cyclone. The changes in the maximum wind of the cyclone produces highest variability in the model fields. Increase in model resolution in association with the corresponding decrease in viscosity results in the enhancement of maxima of the flow magnitude and ULTD. Increasing the phase speed of the initial mode results in a wider spreading of energy and hence decrease in the flow intensity and the upper layer deviations. Model results do not show much variation by considering different initial conditions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2015 04:22
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2015 04:22

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