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All India summer monsoon rainfall prediction using an artificial neural network

Sahai, AK and Soman, MK and Satyan, V (2000) All India summer monsoon rainfall prediction using an artificial neural network. Climate Dynamics, 16 (4). pp. 291-302.

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The prediction of Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR) on a seasonal time scales has been attempted by various research groups using different techniques including artificial neural networks. The prediction of ISMR on monthly and seasonal time scales is not only scientifically challenging but is also important for planning and devising agricultural strategies. This article describes the artificial neural network (ANN) technique with error- back-propagation algorithm to provide prediction (hindcast) of ISMR on monthly and seasonal time scales. The ANN technique is applied to the five time series of June, July, August, September monthly means and seasonal mean (June + July + August + September) rainfall from 1871 to 1994 based on Parthasarathy data set. The previous five years values from all the five time-series were used to train the ANN to predict for the next year. The details of the models used are discussed. Various statistics are calculated to examine the performance of the models and it is found that the models could be used as a forecasting tool on seasonal and monthly time scales. It is observed by various researchers that with the passage of time the relationships between various predictors and Indian monsoon are changing, leading to changes in monsoon predictability. This issue is discussed and it is found that the monsoon system inherently has a decadal scale variation in predictability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: artificial neural network; monsoon; prediction; rainfall, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2015 19:00
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2015 19:00

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