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A study of chloride aerosol, total aerosol and ice nuclei in the Indian Regions

Paul, SK (2000) A study of chloride aerosol, total aerosol and ice nuclei in the Indian Regions. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 157 (9). pp. 1541-1556.

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Abstract

Atmospheric aerosols were sampled from aircraft at various levels over Rihand in northern India during the monsoon season of 1974 and at surface levels at Calcutta, Delhi, Varanasi and Jodhpur during different seasons of 1970 and 1971. Millipore filter assembly was used for this purpose. Chloride nuclei, total aerosol and ice nuclei concentrations were evaluated from millipore filters. At Rihand/Varanasi, during the monsoon, the chloride size spectrum was broader and the distribution bimodal at cloud base level while the spectra were narrower and the distributions unimodal at other levels. At Rihand, chloride mass and larger giant chloride number were considerably higher, total aerosol higher while ice nuclei concentrations were lower on the days with moderate rain as compared to those with light rain. Calcutta (maritime) showed maximum while Varanasi (well-inland) showed minimum chloride number concentrations. As compared with Calcutta, Delhi (continental) had lower chloride and total aerosol, and markedly higher ice nuclei concentrations. Varanasi (high rainfall region) showed all the values, except for small-sized chlorides, notably higher with respect to Jodhpur (low rainfall region). Ice nuclei concentration was lowest in winter and highest in summer at Delhi. Variations of the aerosols during different parts of the day/night are also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Birkhauser
Uncontrolled Keywords: aerosol; chloride; ice crystal, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2015 18:47
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2015 18:47
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1598

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