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Fluctuations of Tropical Easterly Jet during contrasting monsoons over India: A GCM study

Pattanaik, DR and Satyan, V (2000) Fluctuations of Tropical Easterly Jet during contrasting monsoons over India: A GCM study. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 75 (1-2). pp. 51-60.

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The fluctuations of intensity of the Tropical Easterly Jet (TEJ) and its association with the Indian summer monsoon rainfall have been examined using the diagnostics from NCEP/NCAR (National Centre for Environmental Prediction/National Centre for Atmospheric Research) reanalyses project for the period 1986 to 1994. The intensity of TEJ is found to be well correlated with India summer monsoon rainfall. The TEJ is weaker/stronger during the El Niño/La Niña year of 1987/1988 and is associated with deficient (excess) summer monsoon rainfall over India. A numerical study was carried out for the same period using the Centre for Ocean-Eand-Atmosphere studies General Circulation Model (COEA GCM, T30E18) with observed Sea-Surface Temperature (SST). The GCM simulates the TEJ with reasonable accuracy. The strong interannual variability of TEJ during the El Niño/La Niña years of 1987/1988 are well simulated in the GCM. Like observations, the intensity of the TEJ is positively correlated with the summer monsoon rainfall over India in the model simulation. The intensity of Tibetan anti-cyclone and diabatic heating over the Tibetan Plateau diminished during the El Niño-year of 1987. The divergence centre in the upper troposphere associated with Asian monsoon becomes weaker and shifts eastward during the weak monsoon season of 1987. However, the opposite happens for the strong monsoon season of 1988. Also the middle and upper tropospheric meridional temperature gradient between the Tibetan High and Indian Ocean region decreased (increased) during the weak(strong) monsoon season of 1987 (1988).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2015 18:27
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2015 18:27

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