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A dust outbreak episode in sub-Sahel West Africa

Pinker, RT and Pandithurai, G and Holben, BN and Dubovik, O and Aro, TO (2001) A dust outbreak episode in sub-Sahel West Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 106 (D19). pp. 22923-22930.

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Wind blown dust is a major contributor to the tropospheric aerosol mass loading and has a significant effect on the local radiative forcing. Information on aerosol optical properties and their temporal and spatial distribution is very limited. Attempts to derive such information from space, in particular, over land, are in a preliminary stage. Recently, information on aerosol optical properties is becoming available from ground networks within one day from the time the observations are made. In this study, use was made of such "real-time" aerosol observations, to characterize their optical properties, during a heavy dust event in the sub-Sahel in January 2000. Aerosol optical depths at all wavelengths showed a sharp increase when compared to the average for the season, reaching values up to 3.5 at 500 nm. The Angstrom exponent was reduced from 1.2 to 0.3, and a sharp increase in the single-scattering albedo was found. The aerosol optical properties differed significantly from climatologically available information on dust aerosols, and therefore their timely assimilation into transport models or weather prediction models could be of great relevance. Developments in the ways aerosol are presently observed could influence future treatment of aerosols in climate research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Uncontrolled Keywords: dust; optical property; radiative forcing; spatiotemporal analysis; troposphere, Africa; sub-Sahel
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2015 05:54
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2015 05:54

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