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Recent trends in aerosol climatology and air pollution as inferred from multi-year lidar observations over a tropical urban station

Devara, PCS and Maheskumar, RS and Raj, PE and Pandithurai, G and Dani, KK (2002) Recent trends in aerosol climatology and air pollution as inferred from multi-year lidar observations over a tropical urban station. International Journal of Climatology, 22 (4). pp. 435-449.

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Regular nighttime monitoring of aerosol and other atmospheric parameters was initiated in 1985 at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune. This is a tropical urban station (18°32'N, 73°51'E, 559 m AMSL), situated approximately 100 km inland from the west coast of India. The multi-year aerosol vertical profile database, utilized in the present study, consisted of more than 1200 vertical aerosol concentration profiles. These data were collected with a computer-controlled, bistatic, argon-ion lidar system over a 12 year period from October 1986 to September 1998 and have been utilized to study the morphology of the nighttime atmospheric boundary layer and associated air quality. The recent climatological trend in the aerosol loading at the experimental station has also been studied. The study reveals higher pollution potential during late evenings in the winter and a total increase of about 3 in the aerosol loading over the 12 year observational period. This increase can be attributed partly due to the urban heat island effect and due to growing urbanization and industrialization, as well as to the land-usage patterns in proximity to the experimental station. Further, it has been found that the long-term trend in aerosol loading was not uniform, but it changed from year to year depending on meteorological parameters (precipitation, in particular) and local anthropogenic activities. The short-term variations in aerosol loading and their relationship with concurrent meteorological parameters over the observational site are discussed also.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Meteorological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerosols; Air pollution; Air quality; Data reduction; Precipitation (meteorology), Industrialization; Urbanization, Climatology, aerosol; atmospheric pollution; heat island; urban climate; weather station, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2015 08:58
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2015 08:58

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