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Numerical simulation of a super cyclonic storm, Orissa 1999: Impact of initial conditions

Trivedi, DK and Sanjay, J and Singh, SS (2002) Numerical simulation of a super cyclonic storm, Orissa 1999: Impact of initial conditions. Meteorological Applications, 9 (3). pp. 367-376.

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Numerical simulations are performed using the Penn State University/ National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5) to study the impact of initial conditions on the super cyclone which hit the coast of Orissa in 1999. Because analysis of the cyclone's circulation was inadequate in the initial fields owing to the coarse resolution of the operational analysis systems and sparse oceanic data coverage, synthetic vortex data were generated using empirical relations and used in the analysis. Four-dimensional data assimilation is performed in order to assimilate the synthetic vortex in the initial stage to the model. Considerable improvement in the track is obtained by using the synthetic vortex. With better specification of the initial vortex structure, the model successfully simulated the typical tropical cyclone characteristics, such as asymmetries in the wind field: the strongest winds occurred in the east and close to the cyclone's centre, strong wind gradients were found between the centre and the maximum wind region, and there was a slow decrease in wind speed up to the middle troposphere. Despite failing to produce the intense pressure drop observed for this cyclone, the model shows much better cyclone development with enhanced initial condition than the analysis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Meteorological Applications
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 14:06
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2015 14:06

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