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Altitudinal and temporal evolution of raindrop size distribution observed over a tropical station using a K-band radar

Harikumar, R and Sampath, S and Sasi Kumar, V (2012) Altitudinal and temporal evolution of raindrop size distribution observed over a tropical station using a K-band radar. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33 (10). pp. 3286-3300.

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Rain drop size distribution (DSD) measurements at different heights were made using a micro rain radar (MRR) at Thiruvananthapuram (latitude: 8.3° N, longitude: 76.9° E). Rain DSD data obtained from the MRR have been compared with a Joss-Waldvogel impact-type disdrometer (RD-80) deployed nearby and found to have good agreement. The analysis uses data collected during 16 continuous rainfall episodes during the southwest monsoon (June to September, JJAS) season. Since all the episodes behaved similarly, a single continuous rainfall episode occurring from 1610:01 to 1612:31 hours Indian Standard Time (IST) on 12 August 2006 is presented here. The fall velocity of those drops that contributed most to the rain rate was more or less constant at different altitudes and also with time during this episode, and the average value was 4.65 m s -1. The rain rate (RR) was below 5 mm h -1 for all the heights throughout the time. At the beginning of the rain episode, the number of drops at any given altitude was lower for larger drops. But towards the end of the episode, the number of drops in the smallest size class had reduced at almost all heights, whereas the number of drops in the larger size classes had increased. This suggests that the larger drops coming from above on colliding with smaller drops could coalesce, thus sweeping out the smaller drops as they fall. The reduction of small drops is seen with a corresponding increase in larger drops and without increase also during the course of a rainfall event. The former is an indication of coalescence while the latter is that of evaporation. All these observed phenomena in the natural rain support the observations made by Low and List in 1982.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor & Francis.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2013 09:43
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2013 09:43

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