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Relationship between lidar-based observations of aerosol content and monsoon precipitation over a tropical station, Pune, India

Devara, PCS and Raj, PE and Pandithurai, G and Dani, KK and Maheskumar, RS (2003) Relationship between lidar-based observations of aerosol content and monsoon precipitation over a tropical station, Pune, India. Meteorological Applications, 10 (3). pp. 253-262.

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This paper reports the results of the aerosol lidar experiments that have been performed at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune (18.54°N, 73.85°E, 559 m amsl), a tropical station in India. The lidar-observed cloud macro-physical parameters (cloud-base and cloud-ceiling heights, vertical thickness, etc.) and polarisation characteristics and their association with surface-generated aerosols at the experimental site are presented and discussed. The correspondence among the lidar-derived aerosol distributions, meteorological parameters and south-west (SW) monsoon (June-September) activity over Pune during 12 successive SW monsoon seasons (1987-98) including two pairs of contrasting seasons of 1987-8 and 1993-4 is also examined. The results indicate an association between variations in aerosol loading in the boundary layer during the pre-monsoon season (March-May) and precipitation intensity during the ensuing monsoon season. Moreover, the decrease in aerosol content from pre-monsoon to monsoon season is found to follow the SW monsoon season total precipitation. Thus the results suggest that (i) the IITM lidar can also be a useful remote sensor for aerosol characterisation studies from polarisation measurements, and some important physical properties of clouds in the lower atmosphere over the station, and (ii) there exists a correspondence between boundary-layer aerosol content and SW monsoon precipitation over Pune, which is explained in terms of the type of aerosols and the environmental and meteorological processes, particularly during premonsoon and monsoon months prevailing over the experimental station.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Meteorological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: aerosol; boundary layer; lidar; monsoon; precipitation (climatology); remote sensing, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2015 11:58
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2015 11:58

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