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Outgoing long-wave radiation over the Tropical Pacific and Atlantic Ocean and Indian summer monsoon rainfall

Bansod, SD (2004) Outgoing long-wave radiation over the Tropical Pacific and Atlantic Ocean and Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 77 (3-4). pp. 185-193.

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Abstract

In this paper, the interannual variability of satellite derived outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) is examined in relation to the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (June to September total rainfall; ISMR). Monthly grid point OLR field over the domain i.e. the tropical Pacific and Atlantic region (30° N to 30° S, 110° E to 10° W) and the ISMR for the period 1974-2001 are used for the study. A strong and significant north-south dipole structure in the correlation pattern is found between the ISMR and the OLR field over the domain during January. This dipole is located over the west Pacific region with highly significant negative (positive) correlations over the South China Sea and surrounding region (around north-east Australia). The dipole weakens and moves northwestward during February and disappears in March. During the month of May, the OLR over the central Atlantic Ocean shows a significant positive relationship with the ISMR. These relationships are found to be consistent and robust during the period of analysis and can be used in the prediction of the ISMR. A multiple regression equation is developed, using the above results, for prediction of the ISMR and the empirical relationships are verified using an independent data set. The results are encouraging for the prediction of the ISMR. The composite annual cycle of the OLR, over the west Pacific regions during extreme ISMR is found to be useful in the prediction of extreme summer monsoon rainfall conditions over the Indian subcontinent.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: annual variation; longwave radiation; monsoon; rainfall; summer, Asia; Atlantic Ocean; Eurasia; India; Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Tropical); South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 16:27
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2015 16:27
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1465

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