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Chemical composition of precipitation during 1984-2002 at Pune, India

Safai, PD and Rao, PSP and Momin, GA and Ali, K and Chate, DM and Praveen, PS (2004) Chemical composition of precipitation during 1984-2002 at Pune, India. Atmospheric Environment, 38 (12). pp. 1705-1714.

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Abstract

Since 1984, bulk precipitation samples have been collected at Pune, a tropical urban location in India, in the monsoon season. Data from these studies are used to analyze the long-term trends in the major chemical constituents of precipitation. Significantly increasing trends were observed for SO4 and NO3 which could be attributed to the rise in industrial and vehicular activities during this period. Also Ca, the chief neutralizing constituent, showed decreasing trend, mainly due to the rapid urbanization that reduced the availability of open land which is the major source for Ca. This has resulted in the overall decrease in trend of pH. However, the average pH value is still in the alkaline range due to the dominance of neutralizing potential of precipitation over the acidic potential.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acidity; Alkalinity; Climatology; pH effects; Precipitation (meteorology), Acidic potential, Atmospheric chemistry, calcium; nitrite; sulfate, acidity; chemical composition; ionic composition; precipitation quality, acid precipitation; acidity; air sampling; alkalinity; article; atmosphere; bulk density; car; chemical composition; data analysis; India; industry; priority journal; statistical significance; urbanization, Asia; Eurasia; India; Maharashtra; Pune; South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 09:53
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2015 09:53
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1463

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