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A cold pool formation in the Lakshadweep Sea during Indian summer monsoon

Zacharia, J and Rajan, CK and Jayaram, C (2012) A cold pool formation in the Lakshadweep Sea during Indian summer monsoon. Ocean Dynamics, 62 (6). pp. 881-892.

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Abstract

In Lakshadweep Sea, the distribution of observed sea surface temperature (SST) during summer monsoon season (June-September) shows the presence of a distinct cold pool (SST<27°C). Available satellite measurements and assimilated datasets are utilized to investigate the characteristics and mechanisms that govern the genesis and evolution of this cold pool. It is located in the grid 8 N- 10°N/74°E-76° E, with a diameter of about 200 km, centered approximately at 9° N/75° E off the southwest coast of India. This cold pool, which we call as the Lakshadweep cold pool (LCP), forms invariably during the fifth pentad of June as a small cooling within the cold surface waters advected northward along the southwest coast of India from the Arabian Sea Mini Cold Pool. With the progress of the season, LCP intensifies, spread radially outwards and shows a westward spread during late July. Maximum intensity and radial spread are attained during July. By the end of August, LCP extends northward along the coast up to 13° N, and by September, it gets completely dissipated. Within the LCP, the thermocline exhibits pronounced shoaling compared to the adjacent regions. The intensity, duration, and spread of LCP showed annual variations in each summer monsoon during 1998-2005 and owes its origin to upwelling produced by uplift of poleward undercurrent induced by an elevated bathymetry in the presence of a seamount. The mechanism for the intensification is thought to be due to the combined action of Ekman pumping due to positive wind stress curl, eddy-induced upwelling due to the Lakshadweep low, and the intensification of the poleward undercurrent during the season. Westand northward spreads of LCP are attributed to the westward movement of Lakshadweep Low and the northerly spreading and intensification of positive wind stress curl, respectively. The mechanisms that govern this phenomenon are thoroughly examined.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Upwelling;SST;Cold pool;Lakshadweep Sea;Eddies;Sea mount.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 05:20
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2013 05:20
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/146

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