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Environmental set-up and tidal propagation in a tropical estuary with dual connection to the sea (SW Coast of India)

Revichandran, C and Srinivas, K and Muraleedharan, KR and Rafeeq, M and Amaravayal, S and Vijayakumar, K and Jayalakshmy, KV (2012) Environmental set-up and tidal propagation in a tropical estuary with dual connection to the sea (SW Coast of India). Environmental Earth Sciences, 66 (4). pp. 1031-1042.

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The Kochi Backwater (KB) is the second largest wetland system in India. It is connected to the sea at Fort Kochi and Munambam (Pallipuram) (30 km north of Kochi). As the tide is forced through two openings, its propagation in the backwater system is very complicated, particularly in the northern arm of the estuary. Using synchronous water level (WL) and current measurements in the KB from a network of stations during 2007-2008, it was convenient to demarcate the northern KB into two distinct regions according to the tidal forcing from the north (Pallipuram) and south (Vallarpadam). This demarcation is useful for computing the propagation speeds of the dominant tidal constituents in the northern branch of the KB with dual opening for opposing tides. WL variations indicated that M 2 tide (Principal lunar semidiurnal constituent) dominated in the sea level variance, followed by the K 1 constituent (Luni-solar declinational diurnal constituent). The M 2 tidal influence was the strongest near the mouth and decayed in the upstream direction. The propagation speed of the M 2 tide in the southern estuary was ~3.14 m/s. The ratio of the total annual runoff to the estuarine volume is ~42 that indicates the estuary will be flushed 42 times in a year. KB can be classified as a monsoonal estuary where the river discharge exhibits large seasonal variation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kochi Backwater;Tidal constituents;Propagation speed; Flushing time;Monsoonal estuaries
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 15:28
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2013 15:28

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