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Impact of surface meteorological observations on RAMS forecast of monsoon weather systems over the Indian region

Mukhopadhyay, P and Sanjay, J and Cotton, WR and Singh, SS (2005) Impact of surface meteorological observations on RAMS forecast of monsoon weather systems over the Indian region. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 90 (1-2). pp. 77-108.

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Abstract

An attempt has been made to study the impact of surface meteorological observations on the Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) simulation of a monsoon depression and two low pressure systems. The surface observations are blended with the GEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment (GAME) gridded analyses for these cases. In one set of experiments the model is run in 12 hour nudging mode initially and then in forecast mode using GAME gridded data without incorporating surface observations. In another set of experiments surface data are incorporated to enhance the signature of the systems in the large scale GAME analyses and nudging is applied initially for twelve hours. Subsequently the model is run in forecast mode to see the temporal and spatial evolution of different meteorological features associated with the systems. It is found that inclusion of the surface data has in general enhanced the signature of the systems in the analysis and subsequently shows improvement in the forecast of sea-level pressure, geopotential, wind field, etc. and the associated forecast of heavy rainfall, in particular. To make a quantitative comparison of the predicted rainfall with the observed one, equitable threat score and bias are calculated for different threshold values of rainfall. It is clearly noted that inclusion of surface data has improved the precipitation forecast over the Indian land mass as indicated by the equitable threat score and bias for all the threshold rainfall categories.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: accuracy assessment; forecasting method; monsoon; weather station, Asia; Eastern Hemisphere; Eurasia; India; South Asia; World
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 06:35
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2015 06:35
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1407

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