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Techniques for the precise estimation of hourly values of global, diffuse and direct solar radiation

Mani, A and Rangarajan, S (1983) Techniques for the precise estimation of hourly values of global, diffuse and direct solar radiation. Solar Energy, 31 (6). pp. 577-595.

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Abstract

The method usually used to compute solar radiation, when no measured data are available, is the well-known regression technique relating mean daily totals of global and diffuse solar radiation with the mean duration of sunshine. Using this method and taking into account the first order multiple reflections between the ground and the atmosphere, regression parameters were obtained from the monthly mean values of daily totals of global solar radiation and sunshine at a network of 16 stations in India. Daily values of global and diffuse solar radiation were then computed for 121 stations, where sunshine data are available for periods of 6-28 yr, using interpolated values of the regression parameters. Where no sunshine data were available, global and diffuse solar radiation were computed from cloud observations, using the inverse relationship between sunshine and cloudiness. Further, using the empirical relationship between daily totals and the corresponding hourly values of global and diffuse solar radiation, two sets of curves were prepared valid for the whole country, using which mean hourly values of global and diffuse radiation could be deduced from the corresponding daily totals, with a high degree of accuracy. The paper discusses the validity of the techniques used for computing daily and hourly values of global and diffuse solar radiation from sunshine and cloud amounts at an extended network of 145 stations in India and stresses the fact that such techniques are successful, only if accurate data on both radiation and sunshine are available at a widely distributed network of stations for a minimum period from at least 5 to 6 yr, using carefully calibrated and well-maintained instruments of the required quality. Theoretical models have also been used to compute clear sky noon values of global, diffuse and direct solar radiation from the solar constant, allowing for attenuation by atmospheric constituents such as ozone, water vapour, dust and aerosols. Using a simple model, calculations of global and diffuse solar radiation on clear days were made for 145 stations from values of the solar constant and measured values of ozone, water vapour and atmospheric turbidity. A method of extending the technique to overcast skies and partly clouded skies is discussed. The values of the mean annual transmission factor for global solar radiation under cloud-free conditions using the two methods show excellent agreement and establishes the soundness of the regression technique on one hand and the reliability of the theoretical model used for computing clear sky radiation, on the other.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: REGRESSION ANALYSIS, SOLAR RADIATION
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 17:58
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2015 17:58
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1287

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