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A new method for the determination of atmospheric turbidity

Rangarajan, S and Mani, A (1984) A new method for the determination of atmospheric turbidity. TELLUS, 36 B (1). pp. 50-54.

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Atmospheric turbidity is usually measured using either a pyrheliometer fitted with a red RG630 filter or a Volz sun photometer, the turbidity coefficients so determined being designated as β and B, respectively. Both techniques are subject to error, the former in underestimating high turbidities and the latter in giving rise to errors at low turbidities. The present paper describes a new, simpler and less expensive method of evaluating β from measurements of direct and diffuse solar radiation, made as a routine at principal radiation stations. Using a theoretical model for determining the attenuation of solar radiation due to absorption and scattering by water vapour and other gases, dust and aerosols in the atmosphere, an expression for the ratio of diffuse to direct solar radiation D/IH is derived as a function of β. Then, from the hourly mean values of global and diffuse solar radiation routinely recorded at principal radiation stations, D/IH is calculated. β can now be readily evaluated using a special nomogram based on the formula relating β to D/IH. The values of β derived for Indian stations using the above technique show remarkable internal consistency and stability, proving its utility and reliability

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Blackwell Munksgaard
Uncontrolled Keywords: air analysis; methodology; nonhuman; particulate matter; theoretical study; turbidity, pyrheliometer; solar radiation; Volz sun photometer
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2015 09:36

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