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Impact of alkaline particulates on pH of rain water in India

Khemani, LT and Momin, GA and Naik, MS and Prakasa Rao, PS and Kumar, R and Ramana Murty, BHV (1985) Impact of alkaline particulates on pH of rain water in India. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 25 (4). pp. 365-376.

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Abstract

Rain water samples were collected over a period of a decade from 1974 in Pune, a city which is relatively free from industrial pollution. They were also collected at 4 places during 1974 in the region of Bombay which is highly industrialized. The samples were analyzed for major chemical components and pH. The ionic balance was computed. Samples were collected at Delhi during 1965 and 1966 and were analyzed for pH. The values were compared with those reported for 1978. The total suspended particulates (TSP) were measured at Delhi during 1980 and analyzed for water soluble components. The rain water at all the places except near the industrial source was not acidic and was characterized by the presence of excess cations, particularly Ca. The acid rain near the industrial source was associated with excess anions, especially sulphate. The difference between the cations and anions was inversely proportional to the H+ ion concentration. The pH of rain water at Delhi which was in the alkaline range during 1965 and 1966 remained alkaline even after a period of 12 yr when the city developed industrially. The TSP in the region was rich with the basic components, mainly Ca, suggesting that the alkaline property of the soil dust is mainly responsible for neutralizing the acidic effects resulting from the anthropogenic gaseous pollutants.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Kluwer Academic.
Uncontrolled Keywords: HYDROGEN ION CONCENTRATION; IONIC BALANCE; RAIN WATER, AIR POLLUTION - Acid Rain; RAIN AND RAINFALL - India, WATER POLLUTION, calcium, acid rain; air sampling; geographic distribution; india; industrial area; nonhuman; particulate matter; ph; theoretical study
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 04:32
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2015 04:32
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1248

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