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The coherence of satellite infrared temperatures with monsoon rainfall at preferred frequencies and the triplex behavior of the Indian summer monsoon

Smith, EA and Sikka, DR (1987) The coherence of satellite infrared temperatures with monsoon rainfall at preferred frequencies and the triplex behavior of the Indian summer monsoon. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 37 (4). pp. 219-236.

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Abstract

The behavior of the Indian summer monsoon during the period 1979-1985 is examined with surface rainfall and infrared satellite data in order to determine how well the satellite measurements mimic the episodic rainfall processes. It is shown that equivalent-black-body-temperatures derived from satellite measured outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) estimates are reliable indicators for reproducing the timevariant zonal structure of monsoon rainfall over the Indian sub-continent-but only at preferred frequencies. The Indian summer monsoon is found to exhibit a distinct three episode cycle of active-break periods along two north-south aligned cross-sections; the first along the west Indian coast, the second through central India up to the plains of west Uttar Pradesh. We use the triplex behavior of the monsoon as a framework to describe individual monsoons from 1979 to 1985. This is done in terms of the initiation or phase, amplitude, duration, and propagation of the individual episodes. Cospectrum calculations between the rainfall and satellite temperature show that significant coherence is only associate with the frequencies corresponding to specific sub-seasonal fluctuating modes of the monsoon, i.e. 30-50 day and 10-20 day modes. The 30-50 day mode exhibits particularly strong coherence. It is shown how the behavior of the rainfall normals can be used to aid the calculation of a synthetic satellite temperature normal. Coherance at the 30-50 day mode in the co-spectrum of the departure time series is also strong; coherence at the 10-20 day mode is weaker but significant. This suggests that although satellite derived temperature is not a universal for rainfall, it could be used as a variable for monitoring the inra-annual behavior of the fluctuating rainfall modes of the monsoon.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 11:43
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2015 11:43
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1196

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