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Temperatures and winds over tropical middle atmosphere during two contrasting summer monsoons, 1975 and 1979

Mukherjee, BK and Kulkarni, CP and Indira, K and Dani, KK (1989) Temperatures and winds over tropical middle atmosphere during two contrasting summer monsoons, 1975 and 1979. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 6 (3). pp. 325-334.

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Abstract

Using the monthly geopotential heights and winds for 700 and 200 hPa for India during July and August, and the weekly M-100 Soviet rocketsonde temperature and wind data for Thumba (8.5°N, 76.9°E) during the last week of June and the first week of September for the two contrasting summer monsoon years 1975 (a very strong monsoon year) and 1979 (a very weak monsoon year), a study has been made to examine the mean circulation features of the trophosphere over India, and the structures of the temperatures and the winds of the middle atmosphere over Thumba. The study suggested that the axis of the monsoon trough (AMT) at 700 hPa shifted southward in 1975 and northward towards the foothills of the Himalayas in 1979, from its normal position. Superimposed on the low-pressure area (AMT) at 700 hPa, a well-defined divergence was noticed at 200 hPa over the northern India in 1975. The mean temperatures at 25, 50 and 60 km (middle atmosphere) over Thumba were cooler in 1975 than in 1979. While a cooling trend in 1975 and warming trend in 1979 were observed at 25 and 50 km, a reversed picture was noticed at 60 km. There was a weak easterly/westerly (weak westerly phase) zonal wind in 1975 and a strong easterly zonal wind in 1979. A phase reversal of the zonal wind was observed at 50 km. A tentative physical mechanism was offered, in terms of upward propagation of the two equatorially trapped planetary waves i.e. the Kelvin and the mixed Rossby-gravity waves, to explain the occurrence of the two spells of strong warmings in the mesosphere in 1975.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Science Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: middle atmosphere; monsoon; planetary wave; summer; temperature; warming; wind, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 09:40
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 09:40
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1164

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