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Surface and upper air temperatures over India in relation to monsoon rainfall

Parthasarathy, B and Rupa Kumar, K and Sontakke, NA (1990) Surface and upper air temperatures over India in relation to monsoon rainfall. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 42 (2). pp. 93-110.

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The relationship between the all-India summer monsoon rainfall and surface/upper air (850, 700, 500 and 200 mb levels) temperatures over the Indian region and its spatial and temporal characteristics have been examined to obtain a useful predictor for the monsoon rainfall. The data series of all-India and subdivisional summer monsoon rainfall and various seasonal air temperatures at 73 surface observatories and 9 radiosonde stations (1951-1980) have been used in the analysis. The Correlation Coefficients (CCs) between all-India monsoon rainfall and seasonal surface air temperatures with different lags relative to the monsoon season indicate a systematic relationship. The CCs between the monsoon rainfall and surface-air temperature of the preceding MAM (pre-monsoon spring) season are positive over many parts of India and highly significant over central and northwestern regions. The average surface air temperature of six stations i.e., Jodhpur, Ahmedabad, Bombay, Indore, Sagar and Akola in this region (Western Central India, WCI) showed a highly significant CC of 0.60 during the period 1951-1980. This relationship is also found to be consistently significant for the period from 1950 to present, though decreasing in magnitude after 1975. WCI MAM surface air temperature has shown significant CCs with the monsoon rainfall over eleven sub-divisions mainly in northwestern India, i.e., north of 15 °N and west of 80 °E. Upper air temperatures of the MAM season at almost all the stations and all levels considered show positive CCs with the subsequent monsoon rainfall. These correlations are significant at some central and north Indian stations for the lower and middle tropospheric temperatures. The simple regression equation developed for the period 1951-1980 is y = - 183.20 + 8.83 x, where y is the all-India monsoon rainfall in cm and x is the WCI average surface air temperature of MAM season in °C. This equation is significant at 0.1 level. The suitability of this parameter for inclusion in a predictive regression model along with five other global and regional parameters has been discussed. Multiple regression analysis for the long-range prediction of monsoon rainfall, using several combinations of these parameters indicates that the improvement of predictive skill considerably depends upon the selection of the predictors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag
Uncontrolled Keywords: monsoon; rainfall; regression equation; surface temperature; temperature; upper air temperature, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 02 May 2015 05:16
Last Modified: 02 May 2015 05:16

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