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Submicron aerosols over Indian Ocean: some meteorological characteristics

Lal, M and Kapoor, RK (1992) Submicron aerosols over Indian Ocean: some meteorological characteristics. Atmospheric Research, 27 (4). pp. 291-303.

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The concentrations of submicron aerosols in the size range 10−7 to 10−5 cm, also called Aitken nuclei (AN) were measured over the Indian Ocean enroute India-Antarctica-India within the 10°E–70°E longitude zone from about 10°N to 70°S latitude on board MV Thuleland during the period from November 26, 1986 to March 18, 1987 as part of the scientific activities on the Sixth Indian Antarctic Expedition. Our analyses showed that only in about 25% of the cases, AN count fell below 1000 cm−3. Throughout the tropical trade wind region, the concentrations of AN were relatively stable with an average of about 3000 cm−3 (medians of ∼2600 and ∼1700 cm−3 in Northern and Southern Hemispheres, respectively). Large AN concentrations were found to be associated with higher sea surface temperatures and stronger surface winds in this region. In contrast, the scatter of single observations was found to be remarkable over South Indian Ocean and in Antarctic waters. The average AN concentration over the Indian Ocean to the south of 30°S was of the order of 1500 cm−3. No definite correlation could be established between large AN concentration and sea surface temperature, wind speed or wave height. Period with very low concentrations were, however, associated with clear sky conditions and calm winds or light breeze. Many events of sudden short-lived but large increase in AN concentrations were observed over the south Indian Ocean and in Antarctic waters and these were always associated with the approach of frontal systems. It is likely that particle production by bursting bubbles and sea spray as well as photochemical reactions and gas-to-particle conversions play important role in the observed high concentration of AN over South Indian Ocean

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: aerosol; meteorological characteristic; submicron aerosol, Indian Ocean
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 11 May 2015 11:23
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 11:23

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