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Lidar measurements of aerosols in the tropical atmosphere

Devara, PCS and Raj, PE (1993) Lidar measurements of aerosols in the tropical atmosphere. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 10 (3). pp. 365-378.

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Measurements of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases using the laser radar (lidar) techniques, have been in progress since 1985 at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune (18°32′N, 73°51′E, 559 m AMSL), India. These observations carried out during nighttime in the lower atmosphere (up to 5.5 km AGL), employing an Argon ion / Helium-Neon lidar provided information on the nature, size, concentration and other characteristics of the constituents present in the tropical atmosphere. The time-height variations in aerosol concentration and associated layer structure exhibit marked differences between the post-sunset and pre-sunrise periods besides their seasonal variation with maximum concentration during pre-monsoon / winter and minimum concentration during monsoon months. These observations also revealed the influence of the terrain of the experimental site and some selected meteorological parameters on the aerosol vertical distributions. The special observations of aerosol vertical profiles obtained in the nighttime atmospheric boundary layer during October 1986 through September 1989 showed that the most probable occurrence of mixing depth lies between 450 and 550 m, and the multiple stably stratified aerosol layers present above the mixing depth with maximum frequency of occurrence at around 750 m. This information on nighttime mixing depth / stable layer derived from lidar aerosol observations showed good agreement with the height of the ground-based shear layer / elevated layer observed by the simultaneously operated sodar at the lidar site

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Science Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: Laser radar;Atmospheric aerosols;Aerosol layer; Nocturnal boundary layer;Tropics
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2015 09:33
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 09:33

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