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Diurnal variation of Southwest monsoon rainfall at Indian stations

Pathan, JM (1994) Diurnal variation of Southwest monsoon rainfall at Indian stations. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 11 (1). pp. 111-120.

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Abstract

The paper presents the patterns of rainfall behavior brought out by the diagrams depicting the diurnal variation of SW monsoon rainfall at selected Indian stations. The stations in different geographical locations are found to exhibit different patterns of diurnal variation of rainfall. In general, coastal and island stations show enhanced rainfall from midnight to morning hours and below average rainfall during day time. Many inland stations show rainfall maximum towards afternoon / evening hours. Some hill stations show the same behavior as inland stations. However, at the heavy rainfall station of Cherrapunjee, the rainfall behavior is similar to that at the coastal stations. Possible physical mechanisms responsible for the diurnal variation of rainfall at stations under different categories, are briefly discussed. Harmonic analysis of hourly SW monsoon rainfall data of 33 stations show that for 19 stations, the first harmonic accounts for more than 50% of the variance of the rainfall series. These consist of (i) inland stations for which the maximum of the first harmonic, is reached between 16 hours IST and midnight, and (ii) coastal / island stations for which the maximum is seen between 03 and 07 hours IST. At most of the coastal and island stations, the first harmonic alone accounts for 75% or, more of the variance. For the heavy rainfall station of Cherrapunjee, the first harmonic which attains its maximum at 3.8 hours IST (∼4.4 hours LT), is able to account for 96% of the variance of the rainfall series. It is hoped that the information contained in this paper about the pattern of diurnal modulation of monsoon rainfall may serve as background material to monsoon precipitation climatology

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Science Press
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 06:03
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 06:03
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1047

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