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Impacts of the high loadings of primary and secondary aerosols on light extinction at Delhi during wintertime

Tiwari, S and Srivastava, AK and Chate, DM and Safai, PD and Bisht, DS and Srivastava, MK and Beig, G (2014) Impacts of the high loadings of primary and secondary aerosols on light extinction at Delhi during wintertime. Atmospheric Environment, 92. pp. 60-68.

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Abstract

High emissions of anthropogenic aerosols over Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) inspired continuous measurements of fine particles (PM2.5), carbonaceous aerosols (BC, OC and EC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and estimation of light extinction (bext) and absorption (babs) coefficients over Delhi during high pollution season in winter from December 2011 to March 2012. During study period, the mass concentrations of PM2.5, BC and NOx were 186.5±149.7μgm-3, 9.6±8.5μgm-3 and 23.8±16.1ppb, respectively. The mass concentrations of OC and EC were studied by two different techniques (i) off-line (gravimetric method) and (ii) semi-continuous (optical method) and their mean mass concentrations were 51.1±15.2, 10.4±5.5μgm-3 and 33.8±27.7, 8.2±6.2μgm-3, respectively during the study period. The ratios of mass concentration of OC to EC in both cases were in between 4 and 5. The source contribution of carbonaceous aerosols in PM2.5 estimated over 24hrs, during day- and night-time where motor vehicles accounted for ~69, 90 and 61 whereas coal combustion accounted for ~31, 10 and 39, respectively. The estimated mean values of bext and babs over the station were 700.0±268.6 and 71.7±54.6Mm-1, respectively. In day and night analysis, bext is ~37 higher during night-time (863.4Mm-1) than in day-time (544.5Mm-1). Regression analysis between bext and visibility showed significant negative correlation (r=-0.85). The largest contribution in the light extinction coefficients was found to be due to organic carbon (~46), followed by elemental carbon (~24), coarse mode particles (~18), ammonium sulfate (~8) and ammonium nitrate (~4). The individual analysis of light extinction due to chemical species and coarse mode particles indicates that scattering type aerosols dominated by ~76 over the absorbing type. The aforementioned results suggest that the policy-induced control measures at local administration level are needed to mitigate the excess emissions of carbonaceous aerosols over IGP region which ranks highest in India and elsewhere in worldwide.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical analysis; Coal combustion; Light extinction; Regression analysis, Carbonaceous aerosol; Extinction coefficients; Indo-Gangetic Plains; Meteorological effects; Particulate mass, Aerosols, ammonium nitrate; ammonium sulfate; carbon; chemical compound; coal; elemental carbon; nitrogen dioxide; nitrogen oxide; organic carbon; unclassified drug, aerosol composition; aerosol formation; anthropogenic source; atmospheric pollution; coal; combustion; concentration (composition); extinction coefficient; pollution control; traffic emission; winter, aerosol; air pollution; article; chemical composition; combustion; gravimetry; India; light absorption; light extinction; light related phenomena; meteorological phenomena; motor vehicle; particulate matter; pollution; priority journal; urban area; winter, Delhi; Gangetic Plain; India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2014 10:02
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2014 10:02
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1000

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